CME INDIA Presentation by ⚜ Dr. M. Gowri Sankar, MD, Senior Assistant Professor, Dept. of General Medicine, Government Medical College and ESI Hospital, Coimbatore.
Today’s History Feature:
Dr. Johannes Peter Muller
(Jul 14, 1801 – Apr 28, 1858)
🔹Muller was born as the son of shoemaker. He was very talented at his young age and made his own translation of Aristotle.
🔹Then he studied medicine at the University of Bonn, Germany in 1819. After his studies, he started working as a lecturer in Physiology and Comparative anatomy at the University of Bonn.
🔹Later he became a Professor of anatomy and physiology in University of Berlin, Germany.
🔹Muller contributed in numerous Domains of physiology, especially in Speech, voice and hearing as well as in Physical and chemical properties of blood, chyle and lymph.
🔹Moreover, he carried out the comparative physiology of human and animal visual sense and eye movements.
🔹He was the first to describe the relationship between Accommodation and Vergence, and Accomodative Esotropia in 1826.
🔹Dr. Theodor Schwann, a German physiologist spent four years under the guidance of Dr. Muller and with his support in his experimental work, he discovered the Schwann cells.
🔹Muller also encouraged aspiring physiologists like Charles Bell and Magendie on their experimental work. Muller confirmed their work, and this led them to introduce the “Bell-Magendie Law.”
🔅 Muller Duct – also called para mesonephric duct.
🔅 Muller Tubercle – first evidence of embryonic uterus and vagina.
🔅 Muller Maneuver – reverse of Valsalva maneuver.
🔅 Muller’s Law – each type of specific nerve ending gives rise to its own specific sensation.
🔹Additionally, he authored the two-volume book “Elements of Physiology,” which was published in 1837 and 1840. It was a leading textbook of physiology in the 19th century.
🔹Consequently, Dr. Muller is considered the Father of German Physiology and as a teacher he inspired a generation of researchers such as Hermann von Helmholtz, who invented Ophthalmoscope and Rudolf Virchow, an eminent pathologist.
A Day to Commemorate…
The Greatest Experimental Physiologist of 19th century
Dr. Johannes Peter Muller 🙏
Discover CME INDIA
- Explore CME INDIA Repository
- Examine CME INDIA Case Study
- Read History Today in Medicine
- Register for Future CMEs