CME INDIA Presentation by ⚜ Dr. M. Gowri Sankar, MD, Senior Assistant Professor, Dept. of General Medicine, Government Medical College and ESI Hospital, Coimbatore.

Today’s History Feature:

Dr. Karl Landsteiner

(Jun 14,1868 – Jun 26,1943)

💠Austrian Physician & Immunologist

💠Father of Blood Grouping & Modern Blood Transfusion

His contributions…

🔸Karl Landsteiner studied medicine at the University of Vienna and graduated in the year 1891. He envisioned that the future of medicine was in research.

🔸Hence he interacted with many European scientist and got himself trained. Then he returned to Vienna University in 1897 and started his research in the emerging field of Immunology.

🔸After an extensive research, he announced his discoveries of three major blood group A, B, C (C was later called as O) in 1901. Subsequently, his fellow scientists discovered the fourth blood group named as AB in 1902.

🔸He was the first who described that the human blood contains different antigens and immune properties and also confirmed that blood clumping was an immunological reaction.

🔸Further, he discovered M, N and P blood factors and Rhesus factor.

🔸In addition, he extended his support in identifying the pathological microorganism causing Poliomyelitis and Syphilis.

🔸In 1930, he was honoured with Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology for his great discovery of major Blood groups and creating the ABO system of blood typing.

🔸His investigation was published as The Specificity of Serological Reactions (1936). It was a classical textbook that helped establish the field of Immunochemistry.

🔸His birthday (June 14) was declared as World Blood Donor Day. The theme for 2021 is “Give blood and keep the world beating.”

A Day to Commemorate…

The Dissector of Blood

Dr. Karl Landsteiner 🙏

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