CME INDIA Presentation by ⚜ Dr. M. Gowri Sankar, MD, Senior Assistant Professor, Dept. of General Medicine, Government Medical College and ESI Hospital, Coimbatore.
Today’s History Feature:
Dr. Denton A. Cooley
(Aug 22, 1920 – Nov 18, 2016)
💠American Cardiothoracic Surgeon
💠Founder of Texas Heart Institute
- Cooley studied medicine at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore and graduated in 1944.
- He remained at Hopkins as a resident to Dr. Alfred Blalock and assisted his first Blalock-Taussig Procedure performed for tetralogy of Fallot.
- In fact the modern era of cardiovascular surgery had begun with the contributions of Dr. Blalock. By observing him closely, Dr. Cooley got inspired to specialize in cardiac surgery.
- Thereby he collaborated with Dr. Russell Brock, one of the pioneers of Modern Open-Heart surgery at London.
- Afterwards, he returned to U.S and joined the Baylor College of Medicine, where he collaborated with Dr. Michael DeBakey.
- The duo produced great innovative techniques to repair aortic aneurysms and to bypass arteriosclerotic blockages in the leg and neck.
- Subsequently, Dr. Cooley was the first to introduce the “Bloodless” heart surgery. By using a nonblood solution of 5% dextrose and diluted saline to prime the Heart-Lung Machine.
- In 1962, he founded the Texas Heart Institute, which is a non-profit organization for cardiovascular research and he was promoted as a chief surgeon there during 1969.
- In this institute, Dr. Cooley developed most of the today’s commonly used cardiovascular procedures and devices.
- Furthermore, he pioneered on operating congenital heart disease and valve transplant. He was the first surgeon to successfully remove pulmonary embolism.
- However, he is best known for his First Successful Human Heart Transplant performed in the United States on May 3, 1968.
- Whereas, 5 months earlier on December 3, 1967, Dr. Christiaan N. Barnard, a South African cardiac surgeon had performed the World’s First Human-to-Human heart transplant.
- In addition, Dr. Cooley was recognized for the First Clinical Implants of Mechanical Devices.
- Basically, he was a man of energy and enthusiasm. He oversaw as many as 30 operations daily and himself corrected around 10 of the most difficult cases.
- Moreover, he personally repaired about 12,000 aortic aneurysms, which became a remarkable record. Further, he also holds 33 Personal First’s in cardiovascular surgery.
- He published more than 1,300 scientific papers and 12 books.
- Eventually, his fabulous contributions were honoured with many awards including the “Medal of Freedom” in 1984 from the President Ronald Reagan. While awarding, the president remarked – “Dr. Cooley has charted new territory in his search for ways to prolong and enrich human life.”
A Day to Commemorate…
An Outstanding Cardiothoracic Surgeon.
Dr. Denton A. Cooley🙏🏼
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