CME INDIA Presentation by ⚜ Dr. M. Gowri Sankar, MD, Senior Assistant Professor, Dept. of General Medicine, Government Medical College and ESI Hospital, Coimbatore.
Today’s History Feature:
Prof. Dr. Helen B. Taussig
(May 24, 1898 – May 20, 1986)
💠American Paediatric Cardiologist
💠Founder of Paediatric Cardiology
🔹Taussig was born in Cambridge. Her father was a well-known Economist and Professor of Harvard University. Unfortunately, she lost her mother at her age of 11 years due to tuberculosis.
🔹During her childhood, she faced many health issues such as contracted TB – she suffered for a long period and had middle ear infection, which rendered her half deaf. Apart from this, she suffered from severe dyslexia.
🔹However, her father and grandfather, who was a teacher in blind school, encouraged her to become a doctor.
🔹Hence she studied part of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and in Boston University. But due to gender discrimination, she was not allowed to graduate.
🔹So she got transferred to Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, where she pursued her interest in Cardiac Research.
🔹At the age of 32 years, her deafness worsened, so, she relied on lip reading techniques and hearing aids to interact with patients.
🔹She eventually “Learned to Listen” the heart sounds and murmurs with her hands by gently placing her fingers on a heart.
🔹But she never allowed these obstacles to stop her from moving forward. She established “One of the First Paediatric Cardiology Clinics” at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore.
🔹She also pioneered in using X-rays and Fluoroscopy to identify the Congenital Heart Defects in new-born.
🔹By collaborating with an American surgeon Dr. Alfred Blalock and a surgical technician Dr. Vivian Thomas, she developed a surgical procedure called Blalock – Thomas – Taussig shunt to correct Blue baby syndrome (Tetralogy of Fallot) in 1944.
🔹During 1950, there was a sudden epidemic across Europe – new born children having limb defects – Phacomelia. Dr. Taussig voluntarily went to Germany to help in research to find underlying cause.
🔹Subsequently, she helped in establishing the teratogenic effects of Thalidomide, a drug which is used to treat motion sickness in pregnancy. As a result of her effort, thalidomide was banned.
🔹Moreover in 1947, she published a book by summarizing years of her clinical experience in “Congenital Malformation of the Heart,” which is considered the foundational text book of paediatric cardiology.
A Day to Commemorate…
The Mother of Paediatric Cardiology
Prof. Dr. Helen B. Taussig 🙏🏼
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