CME INDIA Presentation by ⚜ Dr. M. Gowri Sankar, MD, Senior Assistant Professor, Dept. of General Medicine, Government Medical College and ESI Hospital, Coimbatore.

Today’s History Feature:

Sir William Macewen

(Jun 22, 1848 – Mar 22, 1924)

💠Scottish Surgeon

His contributions…

🔸Macewen studied medicine at the University of Glasgow, Scotland and he graduated in 1872.

🔸During his days, he was influenced by Sir Joseph Lister for his distinguished approach in surgery.

🔸Hence, Dr. Macewen adopted Joseph Lister’s systematic method of scrubbing, disinfection of hands and arms, sterilization of surgical equipment’s and use of surgical gowns.

🔸Consequently, he was able to advance the modern surgical techniques including the mastoid surgery, bone graft surgery, hernia repair and pneumonectomy for the treatment of patients with tuberculosis and lung cancer.

🔸He also pioneered many modern brain surgeries and work on spinal cord.

🔸Subsequently, he introduced the technique of Endotracheal anaesthesia with the help of Orotracheal intubation in the year 1880.

🔸His eponyms…

🔅Macewan’s triangle – Suprameatal triangle.

🔅Macewen’s sign in hydrocephalus.

🔅Macewen’s operation for Inguinal hernia.

🔅Macewen’s classification for avascular necrosis.

🔅Macewen’s osteotome.

🔅Macewen’s drill.

🔸Dr. Macewen also pioneered Clinical Photography – taking photographs before, during and after the surgery for documentation and teaching purposes.

A Day to Commemorate…

A Great Surgeon and an Experimental Researcher

Sir William Macewen 🙏

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